Both buffalo hump and moon face are caused by hormonal imbalances. Aside from corticosteroids, hormones released by the pituitary glands may cause these diseases, so call your doctor if you suspect your endocrine glands have any dysfunction or tumors. Buffalo hump can be diagnosed by physical examination of the fat pad or by cortisol level test, CT or MRI head scans or MRI examinations of adrenal and pituitary glands  . This disease can be treated by surgery or hormonal therapy. Buffalo hump removal through surgical methods, includes the option of laser surgery for more precision and less pain. Home exercise can also help to reduce the hump, in particular exercises that straighten the neck and upper back. Weights can be used in order to lose weight and strengthen muscles at the same time.